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Table of Contents

1. Methods Available for Use with ManageIQ

Methods can be used from within ManageIQ to create custom actions and workflows for the objects managed for your ManageIQ Infrastructure. This document describes the methods available for use in ManageIQ. This document is organized by the object hierarchy in the Automate Model.

Users of ManageIQ can construct custom automation methods in Ruby to extend the product. ManageIQ ships with a core set of Ruby gems used by the ManageIQ Rails Application. The Ruby gems in this set are subject to change, and have changed since the previous version. If you are calling gems using Automate that are no longer in the ManageIQ appliance, you can install them by using the gem install command.

While gems can be imported into automation methods using require, it is recommended that the authors of the automation methods clearly document the use of gems either in the core set or a custom set. It is the responsibility of the author of such custom automation to own the life cycle of any gem being referenced in those methods.

1.1. $evm.root

When an Automate method is launched, it has one global variable: $evm. The $evm variable allows the method to communicate back to ManageIQ. The $evm.root is the root object in the workspace, it provides access to the data currently loaded in the ManageIQ model. It use the objects data to solve more complex problems by integrating with ManageIQ methods.

The following is an excerpt from the InspectMe method that can be found in the ManageIQ\System\Request namespace. The dumpRoot method accesses the $evm.root object, and sends all of its attributes to the ManageIQ Automate log for review. In the dumpServer Method, the inspect method is run based on the value of the miq_server obtained from the $evm.root object.

#########################
  #
  # Method: dumpRoot
  # Description: Dump Root information
  #
  ##########################
  def dumpRoot
    $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - Root:<$evm.root> Begin Attributes")
    $evm.root.attributes.sort.each { |k, v| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - Root:<$evm.root> Attributes - #{k}: #{v}")}
    $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - Root:<$evm.root> End Attributes")
    $evm.log("info", "")
  end

  #########################
  #
  # Method: dumpServer
  # Inputs: $evm.root['miq_server']
  # Description: Dump MIQ Server information
  #
  ##########################
  def dumpServer
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Server:<#{$evm.root['miq_server'].name}> Begin Attributes")
    $evm.root['miq_server'].attributes.sort.each { |k, v| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - Server:<#{$evm.root['miq_server'].name}> Attributes - #{k}: #{v.inspect}")}
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Server:<#{$evm.root['miq_server'].name}> End Attributes")
    $evm.log("info", "")
  end

The result of dumpRoot is below. The value of miq_server is what gets passed into the dumpServer method.

[----] I, [2012-10-23T13:53:54.517279 #5320:f329024]  INFO -- : <User-Defined Method> [InspectMe] - EVM Automate Method Started
[----] I, [2012-10-23T13:53:54.523637 #5320:f329024]  INFO -- : <User-Defined Method> [InspectMe] - Root:<$evm.root> Begin Attributes
[----] I, [2012-10-23T13:53:54.527552 #5320:ef8c538]  INFO -- : <User-Defined Method> [InspectMe] - Root:<$evm.root> Attributes - miq_server: #<MiqAeMethodService::MiqAeServiceMiqServer:0x0000001e76d900>
[----] I, [2012-10-23T13:53:54.528801 #5320:ef8c538]  INFO -- : <User-Defined Method> [InspectMe] - Root:<$evm.root> Attributes - miq_server_id: 1
[----] I, [2012-10-23T13:53:54.529961 #5320:ef8c538]  INFO -- : <User-Defined Method> [InspectMe] - Root:<$evm.root> Attributes - object_name: Request
[----] I, [2012-10-23T13:53:54.531067 #5320:ef8c538]  INFO -- : <User-Defined Method> [InspectMe] - Root:<$evm.root> Attributes - request: inspectme
[----] I, [2012-10-23T13:53:54.534054 #5320:ef8c538]  INFO -- : <User-Defined Method> [InspectMe] - Root:<$evm.root> Attributes - vm: DEV-JaneM
[----] I, [2012-10-23T13:53:54.535156 #5320:ef8c538]  INFO -- : <User-Defined Method> [InspectMe] - Root:<$evm.root> Attributes - vm_id: 85
[----] I, [2012-10-23T13:53:54.536238 #5320:ef8c538]  INFO -- : <User-Defined Method> [InspectMe] - Root:<$evm.root> Attributes - vmdb_object_type: vm
[----] I, [2012-10-23T13:53:54.537159 #5320:f329024]  INFO -- : <User-Defined Method> [InspectMe] - Root:<$evm.root> End Attributes
[----] I, [2012-10-23T13:53:54.537772 #5320:f329024]  INFO -- : <User-Defined Method>

1.2. Method Hierarchy

The Automate Model inline methods have a hierarchy. The sublevels in the hierarchy have access to the methods for itself and the levels above it. For example, Red Hat Hosts have access to the Red Hat Host methods, Host Methods, and Base Methods.

The following nested list displays the hierarchy.

  • Top Level: Base

    • Authentication (authentication)

      • Private Keys (auth_private_key)

        • Key Pair for Clouds (auth_key_pair_cloud)

          • Amazon (auth_key_pair_amazon)

          • OpenStack (auth_key_pair_openstack)

    • Availability Zones (availability_zone)

      • Amazon (availability_zone_amazon)

      • OpenStack (availability_zone_openstack)

    • Classification (classification)

    • Cloud Networks (cloud_network)

    • Cloud Resource Quotas (cloud_resource_quota)

      • OpenStack (openstack_resource_quota)

    • Cloud Subnets (cloud_subnet)

    • Cloud Tenants (cloud_tenant)

    • Customization Templates (customization_template)

      • Cloud Init (customization_template_cloud_init)

      • Kickstart (customization_template_kickstart)

      • Sysprep (customization_template_sysprep)

    • Cluster (ems_cluster)

    • Event (ems_event)

    • Folder (ems_folder)

    • Providers (ext_management_system)

      • Cloud (ems_cloud)

        • Amazon (ems_amazon)

        • Openstack (ems_openstack)

      • Infrastructue (ems_infra)

        • Microsoft System Center VMM (ems_microsoft)

        • Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization (ems_redhat)

        • VMware vCenter (ems_vmware)

    • Filesystems (filesystem)

    • Firewall Rules (filewall_rule)

    • Flavors

      • Amazon (flavor_amazon)

      • OpenStack (flavor_openstack)

    • Floating IPs (floating_ip)

      • Amazon (floating_ip_amazon)

      • OpenStack (floating_ip_openstack)

    • Guest Applications (guest_application)

    • Guest Devices (guest_device)

    • Hardware (hardware)

    • Hosts (host)

      • Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization (host_redhat)

      • VMware (host_vmware)

        • VMware ESX (host_vmware_esx)

    • ISO Images (iso_image)

    • Jobs (job)

    • LANs (lan)

    • Groups (miq_group)

    • Policies (miq_policy)

    • Proxies (miq_proxy)

    • Requests (miq_request)

      • Automation (automation_request)

      • Host Provisioning (miq_host_provision_request)

      • VM Provisioning (miq_provision_request)

        • VM Templates (miq_provision_request_template)

      • Service Reconfiguration (service_reconfigure_request)

      • Service Template Provisioning (service_template_provision_request)

      • VM Migration (vm_migrate_request)

      • VM Reconfiguration (vm_reconfigure_request)

    • Request Task (miq_request_task)

      • Automation (automation_task)

      • Host Provisioning (miq_host_provision)

      • VM Provisioning (miq_provision)

        • Cloud (miq_provision_cloud)

          • Amazon (miq_provision_amazon)

          • OpenStack (miq_provision_openstack)

        • Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization (miq_provision_redhat)

          • Via ISO (miq_provision_redhat_via_iso)

          • Via PXE (miq_provision_redhat_via_pxe)

        • VMware (miq_provision_vmware)

          • Via NetApp RCU (miq_provision_vmware_via_net_app_rcu)

          • Via PXE (miq_provision_vmware_via_pxe)

      • Service Reconfiguration (service_reconfigure_task)

      • Service Template Provisioning (service_template_provision_task)

      • VM Migratation (vm_migrate_task)

      • VM Reconfiguration (vm_reconfigure_task)

    • Servers (miq_server)

    • Networks (network)

    • Operating Systems (operating_system)

    • PXE Images (pxe_image)

      • iPXE (pxe_image_ipxe)

      • PXELINUX (pxe_image_pxelinux)

    • PXE Servers (pxe_server)

    • Resource Pools (resource_pool)

    • Security Groups (security_group)

      • Amazon (security_group_amazon)

      • OpenStack (security_group_openstack)

    • Services (service)

    • Service Resources (service_resource)

    • Service Templates (service_template)

    • Snapshots (snapshot)

    • Storages (storage)

    • Switches (switch)

    • Users (user)

    • VMs or Templates (vm_or_template)

      • Templates (miq_template)

        • Cloud (template_cloud)

          • Amazon (template_amazon)

          • OpenStack (template_openstack)

        • Infrastructure (template_infra)

          • Microsoft (template_microsoft)

          • Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization (template_redhat)

          • VMware (template_vmware)

      • VMs (vm)

        • Clouds (vm_cloud)

          • Amazon (vm_amazon)

          • OpenStack (vm_openstack)

        • Infrastructure (vm_infra)

          • Microsoft (vm_microsoft)

          • Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization (vm_redhat)

          • Vmware (vm_vmware)

    • Windows Images (windows_images)

1.3. Base Methods

These methods may be used with all objects available in the Automate Model.

Method Usage

inspect

Returns a string containing a list of attributes of the object. See the InspectMe method in Samples class

inspect_all

Returns all information for an object

virtual_column_names

Returns the objects virtual columns names

virtual_columns_inspect

Returns the objects virtual columns and values

reload

Returns to original object to prevent the internal object from being returned

model_suffix

Returns objects suffix. For an object of type MiqAeServiceVmVmware, returns "Vmware"

tagged_with?(category, name)

Is the object tagged with the category and name specified?

tags(category = nil)-- this means that category is an optional parameter, with a default of nil

Returns the tags.

tag_assign(tag)

Assigns tag to the object, except for the miq_provision object, which uses add_tag(category, tag_name)

tag_unassign(tag)

Unassigns tag to the object, except for the miq_provision object, which uses clear_tag(category, tag_name)

The InspectMe Sample Method uses many of the Methods shown in this document. The method returns attributes of the ManageIQ Server and then returns attributes for the host, cluster, and virtual machine from the provider of invocation. In many environments it is linked to a button.

###################################
# EVM Automate Method: InspectMe
#
# Notes: Dump the objects in storage to the automation.log
#
###################################
begin
  @method = 'InspectMe'
  @log_prefix = "[#{@method}]"
  $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - EVM Automate Method Started")

  # Turn on verbose logging
  @debug = true



  # List the types of object we will try to detect
  obj_types = %w{ vm host storage ems_cluster ext_management_system }
  obj_type = $evm.root.attributes.detect { |k,v| obj_types.include?(k)}

  # uncomment below to dump root object attributes
  dumpRoot

  # uncomment below to dump miq_server object attributes
  dumpServer


  # If obj_type is NOT nil
  unless obj_type.nil?
    rootobj = obj_type.first
    obj = obj_type.second
    $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - Detected Object:<#{rootobj}>")
    $evm.log("info","")

    case rootobj
    when 'host' then dumpHost(obj)
    when 'vm' then dumpVM(obj)
    when 'ems_cluster' then dumpCluster(obj)
    when 'ext_management_system' then dumpEMS(obj)
    when 'storage' then dumpStorage(obj)
    end
  end

  #
  # Exit method
  #
  $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - EVM Automate Method Ended")
  exit MIQ_OK

  #
  # Set Ruby rescue behavior
  #
rescue => err
  $evm.log("error", "#{@log_prefix} - [#{err}]\n#{err.backtrace.join("\n")}")
  exit MIQ_ABORT
end

1.4. Availability Zones (availability_zone)

Method Use

ext_management_system

Returns object’s Management System

vms

Returns object’s VMs

vms_and_templates

Returns object’s VMs and templates

cloud_subnets

Returns object’s cloud subnets

1.5. Classifications (classification)

Method Use

parent

Returns object’s parent object

namespace

Returns object’s namespace

category

Returns object’s category

name

Returns object’s name

to_tag

Returns object’s tag mapping

1.6. Cloud Networks (cloud_network)

Method Use

ext_management_system

Returns object’s Management System

cloud_tenant

Returns object’s cloud tenant

cloud_subnets

Returns object’s cloud subnets

security_groups

Returns object’s security groups

vms

Returns object’s VMs

1.7. Cloud Resource Quotas (cloud_resource_quota)

Method Use

ext_management_system

Returns object’s Management System

cloud_tenant

Returns object’s cloud tenant

1.8. Cloud Subnets (cloud_subnet)

Method Use

cloud_network

Returns object’s cloud network

availability_zone

Returns object’s availability zone

vms

Returns object’s VMs

1.9. Cloud Tenants (cloud_tenant)

Method Use

ext_management_system

Returns object’s Management System

security_groups

Returns object’s security groups

cloud_networks

Returns object’s cloud network

vms

Returns object’s VMs

vms_and_templates

Returns object’s VMs and templates

miq_templates

Returns object’s templates

floating_ips

Returns object’s floating IP addresses

cloud_resource_quotas

Returns object’s quotas

1.10. Customization Template (customization_template)

Method Use

Pxe_images

Returns customization templates pxe images

1.11. Clusters (ems_cluster)

Method Use

all_resource_pools

Return all of the objects Resource Pools

all_vms

Return all of the objects Virtual Machines

default_resource_pool

Return the objects default Resource Pool

ems_events

Returns an array of EmsEvent records associated with the object

ext_management_system

Return objects Management System

hosts

Return objects Hosts

parent_folder

Return objects Parent Folder

register_host(host)

Register Host to this Cluster

resource_pools

Return objects Resource Pools

storages

Return objects datastores

vms

Return objects Virtual Machines

  #########################
  #
  # Method: dumpCluster
  # Inputs: $evm.root['ems_cluster']
  # Description: Dump Cluster information
  #
  ##########################
  def dumpCluster(cluster)
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Cluster:<#{cluster.name}> Begin Attributes")
    cluster.attributes.sort.each { |k, v| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - Cluster:<#{cluster.name}> Attributes - #{k}: #{v.inspect}")}
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Cluster:<#{cluster.name}> End Attributes")
    $evm.log("info","")

    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Cluster:<#{cluster.name}> Begin Associations")
    cluster.associations.sort.each { |assc| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - Cluster:<#{cluster.name}> Associations - #{assc}")}
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Cluster:<#{cluster.name}> End Associations")
    $evm.log("info","")

    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Cluster:<#{cluster.name}> Begin Virtual Columns")
    cluster.virtual_column_names.sort.each { |vcn| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - Cluster:<#{cluster.name}> Virtual Columns - #{vcn}: #{cluster.send(vcn)}")}
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Cluster:<#{cluster.name}> End Virtual Columns")
    $evm.log("info","")
  end

1.12. Management System Events (ems_event)

Method Use

ext_management_system

Returns object’s provider

ems

Shortcut to ext_management_system

src_vm

Source VM for the event

vm

VM for the event

src_host

Source Host for the event

host

Host for the event

dest_vm

Destination VM for the event

service

Service for the event

dest_host

Destination Host for the event

refresh(*targets)

Refresh the target types specified (ems, vm, host, src_vm, src_host, dest_vm, or dest_host)

1.13. Management System Folders (ems_folder)

Method Use

hosts

Returns hosts that are in the folder

vms

Returns VMs that are in folder

register_host(host)

Registers specified host to the folder

folder_path(*options)

Returns folders path

1.14. Providers (ext_management_system)

Method Use

authentication_password_encrypted

Returns credentials password encrypted

authentication_password

Returns credentials password unencrypted

authentication_userid

Returns credentials user id

ems_clusters

Returns objects clusters

ems_events

Returns an array of EmsEvent records associated with the object

ems_folders

Returns objects folders

hosts

Returns objects hosts

refresh

Refreshes relationships and power states for objects related to the object

resource_pools

Returns objects resource pools

storages

Returns objects storages

vms

Returns objects vms

to_s

Converts object to string

  #########################
  #
  # Method: dumpEMS
  # Inputs: $evm.root['ext_management_system']
  # Description: Dump EMS information
  #
  ##########################
  def dumpEMS(ems)
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - EMS:<#{ems.name}> Begin Attributes")
    ems.attributes.sort.each { |k, v| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - EMS:<#{ems.name}> Attributes - #{k}: #{v.inspect}")}
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - EMS:<#{ems.name}> End Attributes")
    $evm.log("info","")

    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - EMS:<#{ems.name}> Begin Associations")
    ems.associations.sort.each { |assc| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - EMS:<#{ems.name}> Associations - #{assc}")}
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - EMS:<#{ems.name}> End Associations")
    $evm.log("info","")

    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - EMS:<#{ems.name}> Begin EMS Folders")
    ems.ems_folders.each { |ef| ef.attributes.sort.each { |k,v| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - EMS:<#{ems.name}> EMS Folder:<#{ef.name}> #{k}: #{v.inspect}")}}
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - EMS:<#{ems.name}> End EMS Folders")
    $evm.log("info","")

    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - EMS:<#{ems.name}> Begin Virtual Columns")
    ems.virtual_column_names.sort.each { |vcn| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - EMS:<#{ems.name}> Virtual Columns - #{vcn}: #{ems.send(vcn)}")}
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - EMS:<#{ems.name}> End Virtual Columns")
    $evm.log("info","")
  end

1.14.1. Cloud Providers (ems_cloud)

Method Use

availability_zones

Return the provider’s availability zones

cloud_networks

Return the provider’s available networks

cloud_tenants

Return the provider’s available tenants

flavors

Return the provider’s hardware flavors

floating_ips

Return the provider’s floating IP addresses

key_pairs

Return the provider’s key pairs

security_groups

Return the provider’s security groups

cloud_resource_quotas

Return the provider’s resource quotas

1.15. Firewall Rules (firewall_rule)

Method Use

resource

Return object’s resource

source_security_group

Return object’s source security group

1.16. Flavors (flavor)

Method Use

ext_management_system

Returns object’s Management System

vms

Returns object’s VMs

1.17. Floating IPs (floating_ip)

Method Use

ext_management_system

Returns object’s Management System

vm

Returns object’s VMs

cloud_tenant

Returns object’s cloud tenant

1.18. Guest Applications (guest_application)

Method Use

vm

Returns objects VM

host

Returns objects Host

1.19. Guest Device (guest_device)

Method Use

hardware

Returns objects hardware

switch

Returns objects switch

lan

Returns objects LAN

network

Returns objects network

1.20. Hardware (hardware)

Method Use

ipaddresses

Returns objects IP addresses

guest_devices

Returns objects guest devices

storage_adapters

Returns objects storage adapters

nics

Returns objects nics

ports

Returns objects ports

vm

Returns objects Virtual Machine

host

Returns objects Host

mac_addresses

Returns objects MAC addresses

1.21. Hosts (host)

Method Use

authentication_password

Returns credential password

authentication_userid

Returns credential user

datacenter

Returns datacenter

directories

Returns list of directories for the object

domain

Returns the domain portion of the hostname

ems_cluster

Returns cluster

ems_events

Returns an array of EmsEvent records associated with the object

ems_folder

Returns hosts folder on Management System

event_log_threshold?(options)

Searches event log records to determine if an event has occurred x number of times within a defined time frame. Returns true if the number of matching records found are greater or equal to the specified freq_threshold, otherwise it returns false

Options values:

:message_filter_type - Must be one of "STARTS WITH", "ENDS WITH", "INCLUDES", "REGULAR EXPRESSION"

:message_filter_value - <string value to search for>

:time_threshold - Options time interval to search. Example: 2.days (Search the past 2 days of event logs) Default 10.days

:freq_threshold - Number of occurrences to check for. Default = 2

:source, :event_id, :level, :name - Options filter values

ext_management_system

Returns Management System

files

Returns list of files for the object

guest_applications

Returns Guest Applications

hardware

Returns hardware

lans

Returns LANs

operating_system

Returns Operating System

storages

Returns datastores

switches

Returns network switches

vms

Returns VMs.

credentials(type = :remote)

Returns credentials for a Host for the specified type as an array for username/pwd. (Default type is :remote if no type is specified.)

Supports 4 different types of credentials:

:default = Default

:remote = Remote Login (think SSH for ESX)

:ws = Web Services

:ipmi = IPMI

Example 1:

cred = host.credentials

cred ⇒ ["user", "pwd"]

Example 2:

user_str, pwd_str = host.credentials(:ipmi)

user_str ⇒ "user"

pwd_str ⇒ "pwd"

ems_custom_keys

Returns Management Systems custom keys

ems_custom_get(key)

Gets Value for specified Management Systems custom key

ems_custom_set(attribute, value)

Sets value for specified custom key of the Management System

custom_keys

Lists ManageIQ Server custom keys

custom_get(key)

Gets value for specified ManageIQ Server custom key

custom_set(key, value)

Sets value for specified ManageIQ Server custom key

ssh_exec(script)

Runs the specified script on the host

get_realtime_metric(metric, range, function)

Returns specified realtime metric

current_memory_usage

Returns current memory usage

current_cpu_usage

Returns current cpu usage

current_memory_headroom

Returns current memory headroom

to_s

Converts object to string

scan

Performs SmartState Analysis on the object

The following table lists the metric types available for the get_realtime_metric(metric, range, function) method for hosts.

Metric Description

v_derived_storage_used

Capacity - Used space in bytes

v_pct_cpu_ready_delta_summation

CPU - Percentage ready

v_pct_cpu_wait_delta_summation

CPU - Percentage wait

v_pct_cpu_used_delta_summation

CPU - Percentage used

v_derived_host_count

State - Number of hosts (Hourly Count / Daily Average)

v_derived_cpu_reserved_pct

CPU - Percentage available

v_derived_memory_reserved_pct

Memory - Percentage available

The following Ruby snippet demonstrates using the get_realtime_metric(metric, range, function) method using the v_pct_cpu_ready_delta_summation metric.

host = $evm.root['host']
cpu_rdy = host.get_realtime_metric(:v_pct_cpu_ready_delta_summation, [15.minutes.ago.utc,5.minutes.ago.utc], :avg)
#########################
  #
  # Method: dumpHost
  # Inputs: $evm.root['host']
  # Description: Dump Host information
  #
  ##########################
  def dumpHost(host)
    host = $evm.object['host'] || $evm.root['host']
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Host:<#{host.name}> Begin Attributes")
    host.attributes.sort.each { |k, v| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - Host:<#{host.name}> Attributes - #{k}: #{v.inspect}")}
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Host:<#{host.name}> End Attributes")
    $evm.log("info","")

    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Host:<#{host.name}> Begin Associations")
    host.associations.sort.each { |assc| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - Host:<#{host.name}> Associations - #{assc}")}
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Host:<#{host.name}> End Associations")
    $evm.log("info","")

    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Host:<#{host.name}> Begin Hardware")
    host.hardware.attributes.each { |k,v| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - Host:<#{host.name}> Hardware - #{k}: #{v.inspect}")}
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Host:<#{host.name}> End Hardware")
    $evm.log("info","")

    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Host:<#{host.name}> Begin Lans")
    host.lans.each { |lan| lan.attributes.sort.each { |k,v| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - Host:<#{host.name}> Lan:<#{lan.name}> - #{k}: #{v.inspect}")}}
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Host:<#{host.name}> End Lans")
    $evm.log("info","")

    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Host:<#{host.name}> Begin Switches")
    host.switches.each { |switch| switch.attributes.sort.each { |k,v| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - Host:<#{host.name}> Swtiche:<#{switch.name}> - #{k}: #{v.inspect}")}}
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Host:<#{host.name}> End Switches")
    $evm.log("info","")

    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Host:<#{host.name}> Begin Operating System")
    host.operating_system.attributes.sort.each { |k, v| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - Host:<#{host.name}> Operating System - #{k}: #{v.inspect}")}
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Host:<#{host.name}> End Operating System")
    $evm.log("info","")

    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Host:<#{host.name}> Begin Guest Applications")
    host.guest_applications.each { |guest_app| guest_app.attributes.sort.each { |k, v| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - Host:<#{host.name}> Guest Application:<#{guest_app.name}> - #{k}: #{v.inspect}")}}
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Host:<#{host.name}> End Guest Applications")
    $evm.log("info","")

    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Host:<#{host.name}> Begin Virtual Columns")
    host.virtual_column_names.sort.each { |vcn| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - Host:<#{host.name}> Virtual Columns - #{vcn}: #{host.send(vcn).inspect}")}
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Host:<#{host.name}> End Virtual Columns")
    $evm.log("info", "")
  end

1.21.1. Hosts: Vmware ESX (host_vmware_esx)

Method Use

disable_vmotion(device = nil)

Disable vMotion

enable_vmotion(device = nil)

Enable vMotion

enter_maintenance_mode(timeout = 0, evacuate = false)

Put Host in Maintenance Mode

exit_maintenance_mode(timeout = 0)

Leave Maintenance Mode

in_maintenance_mode?

Check to see if the host is in Maintenance Mode

power_down_to_standby(timeout = 0, evacuate = false)

Put Host in standby

power_up_from_standby(timeout = 0)

Take Host out of standby

reboot(force = false)

Reboot Host

shutdown(force = false)

Shutdown Host

vmotion_enabled?(device = nil)

Check to see if vMotion is enabled

1.22. LAN (lan)

Method Use

switch

Returns objects switch

guest_devices

Returns objects guest devices

vms

Returns objects Virtual Machines

templates

Returns objects templates

hosts

Returns objects Hosts

1.23. Groups (miq_group)

Method Use

users

Returns users in the current miq_group

vms

Returns Virtual Machines that this group owns

custom_keys

Returns all custom keys for the group

custom_get(key)

Returns the value of the specified custom key for the group

custom_set(key, value)

Sets the value for the specified key

  #########################
  #
  # Method: dumpGroup
  # Inputs: $evm.root['user'].miq_group
  # Description: Dump User's Group information
  #
  ##########################
  def dumpGroup
    user = $evm.root['user']
    unless user.nil?
      miq_group = user.miq_group
      unless miq_group.nil?
        $evm.log("info","#{@method} - Group:<#{miq_group.description}> Begin Attributes [miq_group.attributes]")
        miq_group.attributes.sort.each { |k, v| $evm.log("info", "#{@method} - Group:<#{miq_group.description}> Attributes - #{k}: #{v.inspect}")} unless $evm.root['user'].miq_group.nil?
        $evm.log("info","#{@method} - Group:<#{miq_group.description}> End Attributes [miq_group.attributes]")
        $evm.log("info", "")

        $evm.log("info","#{@method} - Group:<#{miq_group.description}> Begin Associations [miq_group.associations]")
        miq_group.associations.sort.each { |assc| $evm.log("info", "#{@method} - Group:<#{miq_group.description}> Associations - #{assc}")}
        $evm.log("info","#{@method} - Group:<#{miq_group.description}> End Associations [miq_group.associations]")
        $evm.log("info","")

        $evm.log("info","#{@method} - Group:<#{miq_group.description}> Begin Virtual Columns [miq_group.virtual_column_names]")
        miq_group.virtual_column_names.sort.each { |vcn| $evm.log("info", "#{@method} - Group:<#{miq_group.description}> Virtual Columns - #{vcn}: #{miq_group.send(vcn).inspect}")}
        $evm.log("info","#{@method} - Group:<#{miq_group.description}> End Virtual Columns [miq_group.virtual_column_names]")
        $evm.log("info","")
      end
    end
  end

1.24. Request (miq_request)

Request objects are submitted to ManageIQ Server for processing. After the request phase, the request becomes a task object. The table below shows the relationship between a request object and a task object.

Request Object Task Object

automation_request

automation_task

miq_host_provision_request

miq_host_provision

miq_provision_request

miq_provision

vm_reconfigure_request

vm_reconfigure_task

service_template_provision_request

service_template_provision_task

vm_migrate_request

vm_migrate_task

If you set something on the request object, it will be inherited by the task instance that does the work. This may be useful if you are provisioning multiple virtual machines at a time and need to modify the same setting for all. Otherwise, the item can be modified on the individual task.

Method Use

add_tag(category, tag_name)

Add a tag to a provision instance by specifying the category and tag name

Example: miq_provision.add_tag(:location, "CHI")

approve(approver,reason for approval)

Approves the miq_request.

Example: $evm.root["miq_request"].approve("admin", "Auto-Approved")

approvers

Returns request approvers.

authorized?

Returns true if authorized, false if not.

clear_tag(category=nil, tag_name=nil)

Without any parameters, the clear_tag method will clear all tags from the provision request. Providing a category will clear all tags selected in that category. Clear a specific category/tag by providing it.

Example: miq_provision.clear_tag(:location, "CHI")

deny

Denies the miq_request

Example:

# Deny the request

$evm.log('info',"Request denied because of Quota")

$evm.root["miq_request"].deny("admin", "Quota Exceeded")

get_classification(category)

Works the same as get_tag(category) but the returned data is a hash with :name and :description

Example:

request.get_classification(:department)

Returns: [{:name⇒"accounting", :description⇒"Accounting"}, {:name⇒"engineering", :description⇒"Engineering"}]

get_classifications

Works the same as get_tag but the returned tag data is a hash with :name and :description

Example:

request.get_classifications

Returns: {:cc⇒{:name⇒"001", :description⇒"Cost Center 001"}, :department⇒[{:name⇒"accounting", :description⇒"Accounting"}, {:name⇒"engineering", :description⇒"Engineering"}]}

get_option(key)

Returns a value from the options hash based on the name of the key name passed in. Internally many of the values are stored as an array of items. (For example, a target host would be stored as the index to the host object in the db and the display name.) Calling this method will return the first item if it is an array. For non-array values the item is returned unmodified.

Example: miq_provision_request.get_option(:number_of_cpus)

get_tag(category)

Returns the tags selected for the specified tag category.

Example: request.get_tag(:department)

Returns: ["accounting", "engineering"]

get_tags

Get all selected tags stored in a hash by category. If more than one tag is selected in a category, the hash will contain an array of tag names. Otherwise it will contain the tag name as a string.

Example: request.get_tags

Returns: {:cc⇒"001", :department⇒["accounting", "engineering"]}

miq_request

(Legacy support) Internal Note: The miq_request instance use to be a separate instance from the specific request instance (like miq_provision_request). When the classes were refactored into 1 this method was added to allow existing code and automate methods to continue to run unchanged.)

miq_request_tasks

Returns the requests tasks

options

Returns a hash containing all the options set for the current provision object

pending

Puts the object in a pending state for approval

Example:

# Raise automation event: request_pending

$evm.root["miq_request"].pending

reason

Returns reason for approval or denial of request

requester

Returns the requester

resource

Returns the resource for the request

set_message(value)

Sets the message for the request

set_option(key, value)

Sets the specified key/value pair for the object

1.24.1. Automation Request (automation_request)

Method Use

automation_tasks

Returns objects automate tasks

1.24.2. Host Provision Request (miq_host_provision_request)

Method Use

miq_host_provisions

Returns the miq_host_provisions objects

ci_type

Returns the cloud infrastructure type: host

1.24.3. VM Provision Request (miq_provision_request)

Method Use

check_quota(quota_type, options={})

Returns the quota information for the specified type

ci_type

Returns the cloud infrastructure type: vm

eligible_clusters

Returns an array of available Cluster objects filtered by previously selected resources

eligible_customization_templates

Returns an array of available Customization Templates filtered by previously selected resources

eligible_folders

Returns an array of available Folder objects filtered by previously selected resources

eligible_hosts

Returns an array of available Host objects filtered by previously selected resources

eligible_iso_images

Returns an array of available ISO image objects filtered by previously selected resources

eligible_pxe_images

Returns an array of available PXE Image objects filtered by previously selected resources

eligible_pxe_servers

Returns an array of available PXE Server objects filtered by previously selected resources

eligible_resource_pools

Returns an array of available Resource Pool objects filtered by previously selected resources

eligible_resources(rsc_type)

Returns eligible resources given the type specified

eligible_storages

Returns an array of available Storage (Datastore) objects filtered by previously selected resources

eligible_windows_images

Returns an array of available Windows Image objects filtered by previously selected resources

get_folder_paths

Returns a hash where the key is an index and the value is the fully-qualified path name of the folder. (Sample: {7 ⇒ Dev/Dept1/QA, 8 ⇒ Test/Dept2/QA}) This format is useful when a fully-qualified path is required to match the folder name. For example, if you had multiple QA folders under different departments in the sample above. To find the proper QA folder you need to evaluate the entire folder path.

get_retirement_days

Returns the number of dates until retirement

miq_provision

Returns the task.

miq_request

Returns the miq_provision_requests miq_request object

set_cluster(rsc)

Set the cluster to use based on object returned from eligible_clusters

set_customization_template(rsc)

Set the customization_template to use based on object returned from eligible_customization_templates

set_folder(folder_path)

Set the folder to use based on object returned from eligible_folders. In addition, set_folder accepts the following folder types:

Folder Paths - separated by forward slashes. (Must include Data-center name.) Example: Prod/Discovered virtual machine where Prod is the Data-center name and Discovered virtual machine is the folder name.

Object returned from the get_folder_paths method

set_host(rsc)

Set the host to use based on object returned from eligible_hosts

set_network_adapter(idx, nic_hash, value=nil)

Modifies the network card attached to the VM container

Available settings:

:is_dvs true / false (Default: false)

:network (Network Name)

:mac_address

:devicetype (Default: VirtualPCNet32) Defined by VMware: http://www.vmware.com/support/developer/vc-sdk/visdk400pubs/ReferenceGuide/vim.vm.device.VirtualEthernetCard.html

:connectable ⇒ {:allowguestcontrol ⇒ true / false} (Default: true)

:connectable ⇒ {:startconnected ⇒ true / false} (Default: true)

:connectable ⇒ {:connected ⇒ true / false} (Default: true)

Example: prov.set_network_adapter(1, {:network ⇒ dvs_net1, :is_dvs ⇒ true} )

set_network_address_mode(mode)

Sets IP address type. Available modes are dhcp and static

set_nic_settings(idx, nic_hash, value=nil)

Modifies the network interface settings at the operating system level

Available settings:

:addr_mode "dhcp" / "static" (Default: static)

:ip_addr

:subnet_mask

:gateway

:dns_domain

:dns_servers (Windows Only) Comma separated values

:sysprep_netbios_mode (Windows Only) Defined by VMware: http://www.vmware.com/support/developer/vc-sdk/visdk400pubs/ReferenceGuide/vim.vm.customization.IPSettings.NetBIOSMode.html

:wins_servers Passed as a string specifying the Primary and Secondary WINS servers separated by a comma. "<PrimaryWINS>, <SecondaryWINS>"

Example: prov.set_nic_settings(1, {:ip_addr⇒10.226.133.55, :subnet_mask⇒'255.255.255.192', :gateway⇒'10.226.133.5', :addr_mode⇒["static", "Static"] } )

set_iso_image(rsc)

Set the iso_image to use based on object returned from eligible_iso_images

set_pxe_image(rsc)

Set the pxe_image to use based on object returned from eligible_pxe_images

set_pxe_server(rsc)

Set the pxe_server to use based on object returned from eligible_pxe_servers

set_resource_pool(rsc)

Set the resource_pool to use based on object returned from eligible_resource_pools

set_resource(rsc)

Sets the resource for the request. (Helper method, should not be called directly)

set_retirement_days

Set the number of days until retirement.

set_storage(rsc)

Set the Datastore (storage object) to use based on object returned from eligible_storages

set_vm_notes(note)

Sets text for the VM notes (aka annotation) field

set_windows_image(rsc)

Set the windows_image to use based on object returned from eligible_windows_images

source_type

Returns the provision source type. (values are 'vm' or 'template')

src_vm_id

Returns ID of the template being cloned

target_type

Returns the provision target type. (values are 'vm' or 'template')

vm_template

Returns the requests template

1.25. Request Task (miq_request_task)

Method Use

add_tag(category, tag_name)

Add a tag to a provision instance by specifying the category and tag name.

Example: miq_provision.add_tag(:location, "CHI")

clear_tag(category=nil, tag_name=nil)

Without any parameters, the clear_tag method will clear all tags from the provision request. Providing a category will clear all tags selected in that category. Clear a specific category/tag by providing it.

Example: miq_provision.clear_tag(:location, "CHI")

destination

Returns the destination object. (The resultant object from running the task. In the case of provisioning, this would be the newly created VM.)

execute

Executes or processes the request.

finished(msg)

Sets the task to finished with the supplied message.

get_classification(category)

Works the same as get_tag(category) but the returned data is a hash with :name and :description.

Example:

request.get_classification(:department)

Returns: [{:name⇒"accounting", :description⇒"Accounting"}, {:name⇒"engineering", :description⇒"Engineering"}]

get_classifications

Works the same as get_tag but the returned tag data is a hash with :name and :description.

Example:

request.get_classifications

Returns: {:cc⇒{:name⇒"001", :description⇒"Cost Center 001"}, :department⇒[{:name⇒"accounting", :description⇒"Accounting"}, {:name⇒"engineering", :description⇒"Engineering"}]}

get_option_last(key)

This method is the same as get_option, except that it returns the last array value.

get_option(key)

Returns a value from the options hash based on the name of the key name passed in. Internally many of the values are stored as an array of items. (For example, a target host would be stored as the index to the host object in the db and the display name.) Calling this method will return the first item if it is an array. For non-array values the item is returned unmodified.

Example: miq_provision_request.get_option(:number_of_cpus)

get_tag(category)

Returns the tags selected for the specified tag category.

Example: request.get_tag(:department)

Returns: ["accounting", "engineering"]

get_tags

Get all selected tags stored in a hash by category. If more than one tag is selected in a category, the hash will contain an array of tag names. Otherwise it will contain the tag name as a string.

Example: request.get_tag

Returns: {:cc⇒"001", :department⇒["accounting", "engineering"]}

message=(msg)

Sets the message for the request task.

miq_request

Returns the miq_request for the task.

miq_request_task

Returns the parent miq_request task.

miq_request.user_message=(msg)

Allows automate method to override the default request status message. As a result, you can set custom messages for the progression of the state machine and its success or failure. This message will appear as the last message for the service request.

miq_request_tasks

Returns the children miq_request tasks.

options

Returns a hash containing all the options set for the current object.

set_option(key, value)

Updates a key/value pair in the options hash for the provision object. Often the value is required to be an array.

source

Returns the source object. (The source, or input, object that the task runs against. In the case of provisioning, this would be the VM or template selected to be provisioned.)

1.25.1. Automation Task (automation_task)

Method Use

automation_request

Returns associated automation_request object

status

Returns status of the task

1.25.2. Host Provision Task (miq_host_provision)

Method Use

host

Returns objects host

miq_host_provision_request

Returns the request that created the task

status

Returns status of host provision

1.25.3. VM Provision Task (miq_provision)

Method Use

check_quota(quota_type, options={})

Returns the quota information for the specified type

eligible_clusters

Returns an array of available Cluster objects filtered by previously selected resources

eligible_customization_templates

Returns an array of available Customization Templates

eligible_folders

Returns an array of available Folder objects filtered by previously selected resources

eligible_hosts

Returns an array of available Host objects filtered by previously selected resources

eligible_iso_images

Returns an array of available ISO Image objects filtered by previously selected resources

eligible_pxe_images

Returns an array of available PXE Image objects filtered by previously selected resources

eligible_pxe_servers

Returns an array of available PXE Servers filtered by previously selected resources

eligible_resource_pools

Returns an array of available Resource Pool objects filtered by previously selected resources

eligible_resources(rsc_type)

Returns the eligible resources for the resource type specified

eligible_storages

Returns an array of available Storage (Datastore) objects filtered by previously selected resources

eligible_windows_images

Returns an array of available Windows Image objects filtered by previously selected resources

get_domain_details

Returns domain information

get_domain_name

Returns domain name

get_folder_paths

Returns a hash where the key is an index and the value is the fully-qualified path name of the folder. (Sample: {7 ⇒ Dev/Dept1/QA, 8 ⇒ Test/Dept2/QA}) This format is useful when a fully-qualified path is required to match the folder name. For example, if you had multiple QA folders under different departments in the sample above. To find the proper QA folder you need to evaluate the entire folder path.

get_network_details

Returns network information

get_network_scope

Returns network scope

miq_provision_request

Returns the provision request object

set_cluster(rsc)

Set the cluster to use based on object returned from eligible_clusters

set_customization_spec(name=nil, override=false)

Sets the name of the custom spec to use as defined by its name in Virtual Center

set_customization_template(rsc)

Set the customization_template to use based on object returned from eligible_customization_templates

set_dvs(portgroup, switch = portgroup)

Set the name of the Distributed Virtual Switch (portgroup). An options <switch> name can also be passed

Example: miq_provision.set_dvs('default')

set_folder(folder_path)

Set the folder to use based on object returned from eligible_folders. In addition, set_folder accepts the following folder types:

Folder Paths - separated by forward slashes. (Must include Data-center name.) Example: Prod/Discovered virtual machine where Prod is the Data-center name and Discovered virtual machine is the folder name.

Object returned from the get_folder_paths method

set_host(rsc)

Set the host to use based on object returned from eligible_hosts

set_network_adapter(idx, nic_hash, value=nil)

Modifies the network card attached to the VM container

Available settings:

:is_dvs true / false (Default: false)

:network (Network Name)

:mac_address

:devicetype (Default: VirtualPCNet32) Defined by VMware: http://www.vmware.com/support/developer/vc-sdk/visdk400pubs/ReferenceGuide/vim.vm.device.VirtualEthernetCard.html

:connectable ⇒ {:allowguestcontrol ⇒ true / false} (Default: true)

:connectable ⇒ {:startconnected ⇒ true / false} (Default: true)

:connectable ⇒ {:connected ⇒ true / false} (Default: true)

Example: prov.set_network_adapter(1, {:network ⇒ dvs_net1, :is_dvs ⇒ true} )

set_network_address_mode(mode)

Available modes are dhcp and static

set_nic_settings(idx, nic_hash, value=nil)

Modifies the network interface settings at the operating system level

Available settings:

:addr_mode "dhcp" / "static" (Default: Statis)

:ip_addr

:subnet_mask

:gateway

:dns_domain

:dns_servers (Windows Only) Comma separated values

:sysprep_netbios_mode (Windows Only) Defined by VMware: http://www.vmware.com/support/developer/vc-sdk/visdk400pubs/ReferenceGuide/vim.vm.customization.IPSettings.NetBIOSMode.html

:wins_servers Passed as a string specifying the Primary and Secondary WINS servers separated by a comma. "<PrimaryWINS>, <SecondaryWINS>"

Example: prov.set_nic_settings(1, {:ip_addr⇒10.226.133.55, :subnet_mask⇒'255.255.255.192', :gateway⇒'10.226.133.5', :addr_mode⇒["static", "Static"] } )

set_iso_image(rsc)

Set the iso_image to use based on object returned from eligible_iso_images

set_pxe_image(rsc)

Set the pxe_image to use based on object returned from eligible_pxe_images

set_pxe_server(rsc)

Set the pxe_server to use based on object returned from eligible_pxe_servers

set_resource_pool(rsc)

Set the resource_pool to use based on object returned from eligible_resource_pools

set_storage(rsc)

Set the Datastore (storage object) to use based on object returned from eligible_storages

set_vlan(vlan)

Sets the name of the VLan to use

Example: miq_provision.set_vlan('default')

set_vm_notes(note)

Sets text for the VM notes (aka annotation) field

set_vm_notes(notes)

Sets text for the VM notes (aka annotation) field

set_windows_image(rsc)

Set the windows_image to use based on object returned from eligible_windows_images

source_type

Returns the provision source type. (values are 'vm' or 'template')

status

Returns provision status

target_type

Returns the provision target type. (values are 'vm' or 'template')

vdi_farm

Returns VDI Farm information

vm

The newly created vm

vm_template

Returns the template selected to be provisioned

begin
  miq_provision = $evm.root["miq_provision"] || $evm.root['miq_provision']
  prov = $evm.root["miq_provision"]
  user = prov.miq_request.requester
  raise "User not specified" if user.nil?



  ###################################
  # Process Change Request Number and set VM Annotation
  ###################################
  intake = prov.get_option(:vm_description)
  intake = "Change Request#: #{intake}"
  prov.set_option(:vm_description,intake)


  ###################################
  # Set the customization spec based on the environment tag chosen in the dialog
  ###################################
  tags = prov.get_tags
  $evm.log("info","Tags: #{tags.inspect}")
  env = tags[:environment]
  $evm.log("info", "Mapping custom spec based on Category Environment <#{env}> chosen in the dialog")
  if env.eql? "dev"
    customization_spec = "Dev-Specification"
    miq_provision.set_customization_spec(customization_spec)
  end
  if env.eql? "stg"
    customization_spec = "Stg-Specification"
    miq_provision.set_customization_spec(customization_spec)
  end


  ###################################
  # Set the VM Notes as follows:
  ###################################
  vm_notes = "#{intake}"
  vm_notes +=  "\nOwner: #{miq_provision.get_option(:owner_first_name)} #{miq_provision.get_option(:owner_last_name)}"
  vm_notes += "\nEmail: #{miq_provision.get_option(:owner_email)}"
  vm_notes += "\nSource Template: #{miq_provision.vm_template.name}"
  miq_provision.set_vm_notes(vm_notes)


  ###################################
  # Drop the VM in the targeted folder
  # In VC a folder must exist that matches the LDAP Group
  # VM will be placed in the Folder
  ###################################
  if prov.get_option(:placement_folder_name).nil?
    ###################################
    # If you want to use a Default folder, set folder = below to the default
    ###################################
    #    folder = "22F DC/LAB FARM/GSE/Intel/Infrastructure/ManageIQ/SelfServiceVMs"
    folder = "DC1/Infrastructure/ManageIQ/SelfService"
    $evm.log("info", "Placing VM in VC folder: <#{folder}")
    $evm.log("info", "Set_folder called with [#{folder.inspect}]")

    miq_provision.set_folder(folder)
  end


  ####################################################
  # Set the IP Address based on the :mac_address entered in the dialog
  #
  ####################################################
  ipaddr = prov.get_option(:mac_address)

  if ! ipaddr.nil?
    # Set provisioning options to override options
    prov.set_option(:sysprep_spec_override, [true, 1])
    prov.set_option(:addr_mode, ["static", "Static"])
    prov.set_option(:ip_addr, ipaddr)
    # Reset :mac_address to nil
    prov.set_option(:mac_address, nil)
  end

  $evm.log("info", "Provision Options: #{prov.options.inspect}")

  exit MIQ_OK

rescue => err
  $evm.log("info", "Set_folder err [#{err}]\n#{err.backtrace.join("\n")}")
end
Adding Disks to OpenStack Instance Provisioning

Using the clone_options, construct the keys and values required to define new disks as well as override or set other keys if needed.

Example 1. Usage in Automate Model
Include the following settings with prov.set_options to set one or multiple volumes to attach. Note that each hash requires the :volume_id and :device_name keys.
clone_options = {
  :block_device_mapping => [
    {:volume_id => "d4xxxx92-5xx0-4xx9-bxx4-f1xxxxxxxx19", :device_name => "/dev/sdb"},
    {:volume_id => "e7xxxxf5-dxxd-4xx0-8xx3-a2xxxxxxxx12", :device_name => "/dev/sdc"},
  ]
}

prov = $evm.root["miq_provision"]
prov.set_option(:clone_options, clone_options)
Booting OpenStack Instances from Volume

You can boot instances created in Red Hat Enterprise Linux OpenStack Platform from a specified volume from an existing selection of block volumes. You can enable automate to pass the required parameters to OpenStack to use volumes as booting devices on an instance.

Example 2. Usage in Automate Model:

Include the following settings in the prov.set_option for provisioning instances created in OpenStack.

prov.set_option(
  :clone_options, {
    :image_ref => nil,
    :block_device_mapping_v2 => [{
      :boot_index => 0,
      :uuid => "xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxx",
      :device_name => "vda",
      :source_type => "volume",
      :destination_type => "volume",
      :delete_on_termination => false
    }]
  }
)

You can allow passing "block_device_mapping_v2" in the clone options and remove keys from clone_options by setting value to nil.

VM Provisioning for Clouds Task (miq_provision_cloud)
Method Use

availability_zones

Returns object’s availability zones

instance_types

Returns object’s instance types

security_groups

Returns object’s security groups

floating_ip_addresses

Returns object’s floating IP addresses

cloud_networks

Returns object’s cloud network

cloud_subnets

Returns object’s cloud subnet

guest_access_key_pairs

Returns object’s guest key pair

cloud_tenants

Returns object’s cloud tenant

1.25.4. Service Template Provision Task (service_template_provision_task)

Method Use

dialog_options

Returns objects dialog options hash

dialog_parser

Provides consolidated and configurable dialog parsing

get_dialog_option(key)

Returns objects dialog value for the specified key

service_resource

Returns the service resource for the task

set_dialog_option(key, value)

Sets a dialog option

Example:

set_dialog_option('memory',memory_size)

status

Returns the tasks status

1.25.5. Service Reconfiguration Task (service_reconfigure_task)

Method Use

dialog_options

Show all dialog options for object

get_dialog_option(key)

Show a dialog option based stored in key

set_dialog_option(key, value)

Set value as a dialog option in key

status

Returns status of the task

finished(msg)

Sets the task to finished with the supplied message

1.25.6. VM Migrate Task (vm_migrate_task)

Method Use

status

Returns status of the migration task

1.26. Proxies (miq_proxy)

Method Use

host

Returns object’s hosts

powershell(script, returns = 'string')

Submits a powershell script

1.27. Servers (miq_server)

These methods are available to the ManageIQ Server.

Method Use

zone

Returns ManageIQ Servers Zone

region_number

Returns ManageIQ Servers Region Number

region_name

Returns ManageIQ Servers Region Name

  #########################
  #
  # Method: dumpServer
  # Inputs: $evm.root['miq_server']
  # Description: Dump MIQ Server information
  #
  ##########################
  def dumpServer
    $evm.log("info","#{@method} - Server:<#{$evm.root['miq_server'].name}> Begin Attributes")
    $evm.root['miq_server'].attributes.sort.each { |k, v| $evm.log("info", "#{@method} - Server:<#{$evm.root['miq_server'].name}> Attributes - #{k}: #{v.inspect}")}
    $evm.log("info","#{@method} - Server:<#{$evm.root['miq_server'].name}> End Attributes")
    $evm.log("info", "")
  end

1.28. Network (network)

Method Use

hardware

Returns objects hardware

guest_device

Returns objects guest devices

1.29. PXE Image (pxe_image)

Method Use

customization_templates

Returns objects customization templates

pxe_server

Returns objects pxe server

1.30. PXE Server (pxe_server)

Method Use

advertised_images

Returns objects advertised images

advertised_pxe_images

Returns objects advertised pxe images

default_pxe_image_for_windows

Returns objects default pxe image for windows

discovered_images

Returns objects discovered images

discovered_pxe_images

Returns objects discovered pxe images

images

Returns objects images

pxe_images

Returns objects pxe_images

windows_images

Returns objects windows images

1.31. Security Groups (security_group)

Method Use

ext_management_system

Returns object’s Management System

cloud_network

Returns object’s cloud network

cloud_tenant

Returns object’s cloud tenant

firewall_rules

Returns object’s firewall rules

vms

Returns object’s VMs

1.32. Service (service)

Method Use

custom_keys

Returns custom keys

customer_get

Gets Value for specified custom key

custom_set(attribute, value)

Sets value for specified custom key

display=(display)

Set display option

group=(group)

Sets group that owns the service

name=(new_name)

Sets name of service

owner=(owner)

Sets owner of the service

retire_now

Retire Service immediately

retirement_warn=(seconds)

Sets when to send retirement warning

retires_on=(date)

Sets retirement date

shutdown_guest

Shuts downs guest operating system of the Service

start

Start the Service

stop

Stop the Service

suspend

Suspend the Service

vms

Show all virtual machines associated with this service

direct_vms

Show virtual machines directly associated with this service

indirect_vms

Show virtual machines associated with lower level services in the hierarchy

root_service

Show the top level service in the hierarchy for the target service

all_service_children

Show all lower level services to the target service in the hierarchy

direct_service_children

Show direct services associated with the target service

indirect_service_children

Show services associated with lower level services of the target service

parent_service

Show the parent service for the target service

description=(new_description)

Sets the service description

remove_from_vmdb

Delete the service from the database

dialog_options

Returns all dialog options

get_dialog_option(key)

Returns a specific dialog option specified by key

set_dialog_option(key, value)

Sets value of a dialog option specified by key

1.33. Service Resource (service_resource)

Method Use

service

Returns the associated service

service_template

Returns the associated service template

resource

Returns the resource for the request

source

Returns the source object

1.34. Service Template (service_template)

Method Use

group=(group)

Sets group for the service template

owner=(owner)

Sets owner for the service template

1.35. Snapshot (snapshot)

These methods can be used on Snapshots

Method Use

vm

Returns Snapshots VM

current?

Checks to see if this is the current snapshot

get_current_snapshot

Returns the current snapshot id

revert_to

Reverts to specified snapshot

remove

Removes specified snapshot

1.36. Datastores (storage)

Method Use

ext_management_systems,

Returns objects Management System

hosts

Returns objects Hosts

vms

Returns objects Virtual Machines

unregistered_vms

Returns objects unregistered Virtual Machines

to_s

Converts object to string

scan

Performs SmartState Analysis on the object

 #########################
  #
  # Method: dumpStorage
  # Inputs: $evm.root['storage']
  # Description: Dump Storage information
  #
  ##########################
  def dumpStorage(storage)
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Storage:<#{storage.name}> Begin Attributes")
    storage.attributes.sort.each { |k, v| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - Storage:<#{storage.name}> Attributes - #{k}: #{v.inspect}")}
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Storage:<#{storage.name}> End Attributes")
    $evm.log("info","")

    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Storage:<#{storage.name}> Begin Associations")
    storage.associations.sort.each { |assc| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - Storage:<#{storage.name}> Associations - #{assc}")}
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Storage:<#{storage.name}> End Associations")
    $evm.log("info","")

    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Storage:<#{storage.name}> Begin Virtual Columns")
    storage.virtual_column_names.sort.each { |vcn| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - Storage:<#{storage.name}> Virtual Columns - #{vcn}: #{storage.send(vcn)}")}
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - Storage:<#{storage.name}> End Virtual Columns")
    $evm.log("info","")
  end

1.37. Switch (switch)

These methods can be used on Switches.

Method Use

host

Returns switch’s Host

guest_devices

Returns switch’s guest devices

lans

Returns switch’s lans

1.38. User (user)

These methods can be used on the currently logged on user.

Method Use

current_group

Returns user’s assigned internal group

custom_get(key)

Returns the custom key value specified by "key"

custom_keys

Returns an array of custom keys

custom_set(key,value)

Sets custom value for "key" to "value"

email

Returns user’s email address

get_ladap_attribute(name)

Returns the value of the specified LDAP attribute

get_ldap_atttribute_names

Returns user’s LDAP attribute names

ldap_group

Returns user’s assigned LDAP group

miq_requests

Returns user’s requests

name

Returns user’s name

userid

Returns user’s userid

vms

Returns Virtual Machines that this user owns

  #########################
  #
  # Method: dumpUser
  # Inputs: $evm.root['user']
  # Description: Dump User information
  #
  ##########################
  def dumpUser
    user = $evm.root['user']
    unless user.nil?
      $evm.log("info","#{@method} - User:<#{user.name}> Begin Attributes [user.attributes]")
      user.attributes.sort.each { |k, v| $evm.log("info", "#{@method} - User:<#{user.name}> Attributes - #{k}: #{v.inspect}")}
      $evm.log("info","#{@method} - User:<#{user.name}> End Attributes [user.attributes]")
      $evm.log("info", "")

      $evm.log("info","#{@method} - User:<#{user.name}> Begin Associations [user.associations]")
      user.associations.sort.each { |assc| $evm.log("info", "#{@method} - User:<#{user.name}> Associations - #{assc}")}
      $evm.log("info","#{@method} - User:<#{user.name}> End Associations [user.associations]")
      $evm.log("info","")

      $evm.log("info","#{@method} - User:<#{user.name}> Begin Virtual Columns [user.virtual_column_names]")
      user.virtual_column_names.sort.each { |vcn| $evm.log("info", "#{@method} - User:<#{user.name}> Virtual Columns - #{vcn}: #{user.send(vcn).inspect}")}
      $evm.log("info","#{@method} - User:<#{user.name}> End Virtual Columns [user.virtual_column_names]")
      $evm.log("info","")
    end
  end

1.39. Virtual Machines and Templates (vm_or_template)

The following methods can be used on a virtual machine or template object.

Method Use

changed_vm_value?

Checks the 2 most recent drift state captures , and answers whether the specified value changed between them

collect_running_processes

Collects the running processes of the object

create_snapshot(name, desc = nil)

Create a snapshot of the object

custom_get(key)

Get the value of specified ManageIQ Server key from the object

custom_keys

List all ManageIQ Server custom keys for the object

custom_set(key, value)

Set a custom ManageIQ Server key value

datacenter

Returns objects Datacenter

direct_service

Show the direct service relationship of the virtual machine

directories

Returns number of directories on the object

ems_blue_folder (this will be reworked to be more VMware-specific)

Returns objects blue folder from VMware. These are the folders showing in VM and Templates view in VMware

ems_cluster

Returns objects cluster

ems_custom_get(key)

Gets specified key of custom Management System Attribute

ems_custom_keys

List the custom keys defined by the Management System for the object

ems_custom_set(attribute, value)

Sets specified key and value of custom Management System Attribute

ems_folder

Returns objects folder on Management System

ems_ref_string

Returns unique identifier the Management System uses to identify this resource. For example, in VMware a VM would return a value like: "vm-26622"

event_log_threshold? (options)

Searches event log records to determine if an event has occurred x number of times within a defined time frame. Returns true if the number of matching records found are greater or equal to the specified freq_threshold, otherwise it returns false

Options values:

:message_filter_type - Must be one of "STARTS WITH", "ENDS WITH", "INCLUDES", "REGULAR EXPRESSION"

:message_filter_value - <string value to search for>

:time_threshold - Options time interval to search. Example: 2.days (Search the past 2 days of event logs) Default 10.days

:freq_threshold - Number of occurrences to check for. Default = 2

:source, :event_id, :level, :name - Options filter values

event_threshold?(options)

Checks if an event (or multiple events) have occurred X number of times in N seconds. The values below are used if no data is passed

event_threshold?(options = {:time_threshold ⇒ 30.minutes, :event_types ⇒ ["MigrateVM_Task_Complete"], :freq_threshold ⇒ 2})

ext_management_system

Returns objects Management System

files

Returns number of files on the object

get_realtime_metric(metric, range, function)

Returns specified realtime metric

group=(group)

Sets objects group

guest_applications

Returns objects Guest Application list

hardware

Returns objects Hardware

host

Returns objects Host

migrate(host, pool = nil, priority = "defaultPriority", state = nil)

Migrates the object to another host. The only required parameter is host

miq_provision

If VM was created using ManageIQ Server provisioning, this is the miq_provision task instance that created the VM

operating_system

Returns objects Operating System

owner

Return objects owner

owner=(owner)

Sets objects owner

performances_maintains_value_for_duration?

Based on options given, checks to see if a performance threshold is maintained for a time period

Example: vm.performances_maintains_value_for_duration?(:column ⇒ "cpu_usage_rate_average", :operator ⇒ "=", :value ⇒ 3.51, :duration ⇒ 20.minutes)

reboot_guest

Reboots the guest operating system

reconfigured_hardware_value?

Checks if hardware value has been reconfigured

refresh

Refresh power states and relationships of the object

registered?

Is the object registered?

remove_all_snapshots

Remove all of the objects snapshots

remove_from_disk

Removes the object from disk

remove_from_vmdb

Removes the object from the VMDB

remove_snapshot(snapshot_id)

Remove a specific snapshot based on the snapshot_id

resource_pool

Returns objects Resource Pool

retire_now

Retire the object immediately

retirement_warn=(seconds)

Send a retirement warning

retires_on=(date)

Retire the object on date specified

revert_to_snapshot(snapshot_id)

Revert to a snapshot based on the snapshot_id

scan(scan_categories = nil)

Perform SmartState Analysis on the object. Scan_categories is optional

service

Show the top-level service for a virtual machine in a service hierarchy. For the immediate parent service relationship of a virtual machine, use direct_service

shutdown_guest

Shuts down the guest operating system of the object

snapshots

Returns list of snapshots for the object

standby_guest

Puts the operating system on standby

start

Starts the object

See Samples/PowerOn_DHOB

stop

Stops the object

storage

Returns objects Datastore

suspend

Suspends the object

to_s

Converts object to string

unlink_storage

Removes the reference to the VM’s Datastore

unregister

Unregisters the object from the Management System

  #########################
  #
  # Method: dumpVM
  # Inputs: $evm.root['vm']
  # Description: Dump VM information
  #
  ##########################
  def dumpVM(vm)
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> Begin Attributes [vm.attributes]")
    vm.attributes.sort.each { |k, v| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> Attributes - #{k}: #{v.inspect}")}
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> End Attributes [vm.attributes]")
    $evm.log("info","")

    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> Begin Associations [vm.associations]")
    vm.associations.sort.each { |assc| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> Associations - #{assc}")}
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> End Associations [vm.associations]")
    $evm.log("info","")

    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> Begin Hardware Attributes [vm.hardware]")
    vm.hardware.attributes.each { |k,v| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> Hardware - #{k}: #{v.inspect}")}
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> End Hardware Attributes [vm.hardware]")
    $evm.log("info","")

    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> Begin Hardware Associations [vm.hardware.associations]")
    vm.hardware.associations.sort.each { |assc| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> hardware Associations - #{assc}")}
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> End hardware Associations [vm.hardware.associations]")
    $evm.log("info","")

    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> Begin Neworks [vm.hardware.nics]")
    vm.hardware.nics.each { |nic| nic.attributes.sort.each { |k,v| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> VLAN:<#{nic.device_name}> - #{k}: #{v.inspect}")}}
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> End Networks [vm.hardware.nics]")
    $evm.log("info","")

    unless vm.ext_management_system.nil?
      $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> Begin EMS [vm.ext_management_system]")
      vm.ext_management_system.attributes.sort.each { |ems_k, ems_v| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> EMS:<#{vm.ext_management_system.name}> #{ems_k} - #{ems_v.inspect}")}
      $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> End EMS [vm.ext_management_system]")
      $evm.log("info","")
    end

    unless vm.owner.nil?
      $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> Begin Owner [vm.owner]")
      vm.owner.attributes.each { |k,v| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> Owner - #{k}: #{v.inspect}")}
      $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> End Owner [vm.owner]")
      $evm.log("info","")
    end

    unless vm.operating_system.nil?
      $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> Begin Operating System [vm.operating_system]")
      vm.operating_system.attributes.sort.each { |k, v| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> Operating System - #{k}: #{v.inspect}")}
      $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> End Operating System [vm.operating_system]")
      $evm.log("info","")
    end

    unless vm.guest_applications.nil?
      $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> Begin Guest Applications")
      vm.guest_applications.each { |guest_app| guest_app.attributes.sort.each { |k, v| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> Guest Application:<#{guest_app.name}> - #{k}: #{v.inspect}")}} unless vm.guest_applications.nil?
      $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> End Guest Applications")
      $evm.log("info","")
    end

    unless vm.snapshots.nil?
      $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> Begin Snapshots")
      vm.snapshots.each { |ss| ss.attributes.sort.each { |k, v| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> Snapshot:<#{ss.name}> - #{k}: #{v.inspect}")}} unless vm.snapshots.nil?
      $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> End Snapshots")
      $evm.log("info","")
    end

    unless vm.storage.nil?
      $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> Begin VM Storage [vm.storage]")
      vm.storage.attributes.sort.each { |stor_k, stor_v| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> Storage:<#{vm.storage.name}> #{stor_k} - #{stor_v.inspect}")}
      $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> End VM Storage [vm.storage]")
      $evm.log("info","")
    end

    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> Begin Virtual Columns -----")
    vm.virtual_column_names.sort.each { |vcn| $evm.log("info", "#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> Virtual Columns - #{vcn}: #{vm.send(vcn).inspect}")}
    $evm.log("info","#{@log_prefix} - VM:<#{vm.name}> End Virtual Columns -----")
    $evm.log("info","")
  end
  ####################
  #
  # Method: createSnapshot
  #
  ####################

  def createSnapshot(vm, snap_name, snap_desc=snap_name)
    $evm.log("info","#{@method} - VM:<#{vm.name}> Creating Snapshot:<#{snap_name}> Description:<#{snap_desc}>")
    vm.create_snapshot(snap_name, snap_desc)
  end

1.39.1. VMs (vm)

Method Use

add_to_service(service)

Adds the VM to a service object

remove_from_service

Removes the VM from its parent service

The following table lists the metric types available for the get_realtime_metric(metric, range, function) method for virtual machines.

Metric Description

v_derived_storage_used

Capacity - Used space in bytes

v_pct_cpu_ready_delta_summation

CPU - Percentage ready

v_pct_cpu_wait_delta_summation

CPU - Percentage wait

v_pct_cpu_used_delta_summation

CPU - Percentage used

v_derived_vm_count

State - Peak average virtual machines (Hourly Count / Daily Average)

v_derived_cpu_reserved_pct

CPU - Percentage available

v_derived_memory_reserved_pct

Memory - Percentage available

The following Ruby snippet demonstrates using the get_realtime_metric(metric, range, function) method using the v_pct_cpu_ready_delta_summation metric.

host = $evm.root['vm']
cpu_rdy = vm.get_realtime_metric(:v_pct_cpu_ready_delta_summation, [15.minutes.ago.utc,5.minutes.ago.utc], :avg)
VMs for Clouds (vm_cloud)
Method Use

availability_zone

Returns object’s availability zone

flavor

Returns object’s favor

cloud_network

Returns object’s cloud network

cloud_subnet

Returns object’s cloud subnet

floating_ip

Returns object’s floating IPs

security_groups

Returns object’s security groups

key_pairs

Returns object’s key pairs

1.40. Windows Image (windows_image)

Method Use

customization_templates

Returns the images customization templates.

pxe_server

Returns the images pxe server.

1.41. Creating Categories and Tags

These methods are invoked using $evm.execute. See after the table for usage examples.

Method(parameter) Use

category_exists?

Checks to see if a tag category exists. Usually used with unless or if to then create a category that does not exist.

Example: $evm.execute('category_exists?', "department")

category_create

Creates a new category, and if only one tag value from this category can be assigned to a configuration item, sets that tag value using the single_value option.

Example: $evm.execute('category_create', :name ⇒ "department", :single_value ⇒ false, :description ⇒ "Department")

NOTE:

The category_create method currently does not work as expected. The user interface shows the value provided for :description in the Display Name field and the value provided for :example_text is displayed in the Description field.

tag_exists?

Checks to see if a tag exists in a category.

Example: $evm.execute('tag_exists?', "department", "finance")

tag_create

Creates a new tag in the specified category.

Example: $evm.execute('tag_create', "department", :name ⇒ "finance", :description ⇒ "Finance")

1.41.1. Category and Tags Methods Example

In this example, the VMDB is checked to see if the Department category exists. If it does, then a message is logged. If not, the category is created and a message is logged. Values are then added to the category.

if $evm.execute('category_exists?', "department")
  $evm.log("info", "Classification department exists")
else
  $evm.log("info", "Classification department doesn't exist, creating category")
  $evm.execute('category_create', :name => "department", :single_value => false, :description => "Department")
  $evm.log("info", "Adding new tag in Department Category")
  $evm.execute('tag_create', "department", :name => "finance", :description => "Finance")

1.42. Quota

Method(parameter) Use

vms_by_owner, vms_by_group, vms_by_owner_and_group

Collect stats about existing VMs by owner or in the same LDAP group as the owner in the current request.

Sample return object:

{:class_name⇒"Vm", :count⇒5, :ids⇒[22, 120, 121, 122, 117], :cpu⇒6, :memory⇒5120, :allocated_storage⇒29032972288, :used_storage⇒29032972288}

retired_vms_by_owner, retired_vms_by_group, retired_vms_by_owner_and_group

Collect stats about retired VMs, that have not been deleted from the host, by owner or in the same LDAP group as the owner in the current request.

Sample return object:

{:class_name⇒"Vm", :count⇒5, :ids⇒[22, 120, 121, 122, 117], :cpu⇒6, :memory⇒5120, :allocated_storage⇒29032972288, :used_storage⇒29032972288}

provisions_by_owner, provisions_by_group

Collect stats based on provisions running on the same day as the current request (based on scheduled date or immediate) by owner or in the same LDAP group as the owner. (Results do not include Provision Requests that have not been approved.)

Sample return object:

{:class_name⇒"MiqProvisionRequest", :count⇒6, :ids⇒[115, 116, 104, 102, 105, 112], :cpu⇒6, :memory⇒1536, , :storage⇒62914560}

requests_by_owner, requests_by_group

Collect stats based on provision requests made the same day as the request by the same owner or LDAP group as the owner in the current request, regardless of when the provision request is scheduled to run. (Results do not include Provision Requests that have been denied.)

Sample return object:

{:class_name⇒"MiqProvisionRequest", :count⇒6, :ids⇒[115, 116, 104, 102, 105, 112], :cpu⇒6, :memory⇒1536, , :storage⇒62914560}

active_provisions_by_owner, active_provisions_by_group, active_provisions

Collect stats based on currently active provision requests by the same owner or LDAP group as the owner in the current request.

Sample return object:

{:class_name⇒"MiqProvisionRequest", :count⇒6, :ids⇒[115, 116, 104, 102, 105, 112], :cpu⇒6, :memory⇒1536, , :storage⇒62914560}

Appendix A: Terminology

Account Role

A designation assigned to a user allowing or restricting a user to parts and functions of the ManageIQ console.

Action

An execution that is performed after a condition is evaluated.

Alert

ManageIQ alerts notify administrators and monitoring systems of critical configuration changes and threshold limits in the virtual environment. The notification can take the form of either an email or an SNMP trap.

Analysis Profile

A customized scan of hosts, virtual machines, or instances. You can collect information from categories, files, event logs, and registry entries.

Cloud

A pool of on-demand and highly available computing resources. The usage of these resources are scaled depending on the user requirements and metered for cost.

ManageIQ appliance

A virtual machine on which the virtual management database (VMDB) and ManageIQ server reside.

ManageIQ Console

A web-based interface into the ManageIQ appliance.

ManageIQ Role

A designation assigned to a ManageIQ server that defines what a ManageIQ server can do.

ManageIQ Server

The application that runs on the ManageIQ appliance and communicates with the SmartProxy and the VMDB.

Cluster

Hosts that are grouped together to provide high availability and load balancing.

Condition

A test of criteria triggered by an event.

Discovery

Process run by the ManageIQ server which finds virtual machine and cloud providers.

Drift

The comparison of a virtual machine, instance, host, cluster to itself at different points in time.

Event

A trigger to check a condition.

Event Monitor

Software on the ManageIQ appliance which monitors external providers for events and sends them to the ManageIQ server.

Host

A computer on which virtual machine monitor software is loaded.

Instance/Cloud Instance

A on-demand virtual machine based upon a predefined image and uses a scalable set of hardware resources such as CPU, memory, networking interfaces.

Managed/Registered VM

A virtual machine that is connected to a host and exists in the VMDB. Also, a template that is connected to a provider and exists in the VMDB. Note that templates cannot be connected to a host.

Managed/Unregistered VM

A virtual machine or template that resides on a repository or is no longer connected to a provider or host and exists in the VMDB. A virtual machine that was previously considered registered may become unregistered if the virtual machine was removed from provider inventory.

Provider

A computer on which software is loaded which manages multiple virtual machines that reside on multiple hosts.

Policy

A combination of an event, a condition, and an action used to manage a virtual machine.

Policy Profile

A set of policies.

Refresh

A process run by the ManageIQ server which checks for relationships of the provider or host to other resources, such as storage locations, repositories, virtual machines, or instances. It also checks the power states of those resources.

Regions

Regions are used to create a central database for reporting and charting. Regions are used primarily to consolidate multiple VMDBs into one master VMDB for reporting.

Resource

A host, provider, instance, virtual machine, repository, or datastore.

Resource Pool

A group of virtual machines across which CPU and memory resources are allocated.

Repository

A place on a datastore resource which contains virtual machines.

SmartProxy
  • The SmartProxy is a software agent that acts on behalf of the ManageIQ appliance to perform actions on hosts, providers, storage and virtual machines.

  • The SmartProxy can be configured to reside on the ManageIQ appliance or on an ESX server version.

  • The SmartProxy can be deployed from the ManageIQ appliance, and provides visibility to the VMFS storage. Each storage location must have a SmartProxy with visibility to it. The SmartProxy acts on behalf of the ManageIQ appliance.

  • If the SmartProxy is not embedded in the ManageIQ server, it communicates with the ManageIQ appliance over HTTPS on standard port 443.

SmartState Analysis

Process run by the SmartProxy which collects the details of a virtual machine or instance. Such details include accounts, drivers, network information, hardware, and security patches. This process is also run by the ManageIQ server on hosts and clusters. The data is stored in the VMDB.

SmartTags

Descriptors that allow you to create a customized, searchable index for the resources in your clouds and infrastructure.

Storage Location

A device, such as a VMware datastore, where digital information resides that is connected to a resource.

Tags

Descriptive terms defined by a ManageIQ user or the system used to categorize a resource.

Template

A template is a copy of a preconfigured virtual machine, designed to capture installed software and software configurations, as well as the hardware configuration, of the original virtual machine.

Unmanaged Virtual Machine

Files discovered on a datastore that do not have a virtual machine associated with them in the VMDB. These files may be registered to a provider that the ManageIQ server does not have configuration information on. Possible causes may be that the provider has not been discovered or that the provider has been discovered, but no security credentials have been provided.

Virtual Machine

A software implementation of a system that functions similar to a physical machine. Virtual machines utilize the hardware infrastructure of a physical host, or a set of physical hosts, to provide a scalable and on-demand method of system provisioning.

Virtual Management Database (VMDB)

Database used by the ManageIQ appliance to store information about your resources, users, and anything else required to manage your virtual enterprise.

Virtual Thumbnail

An icon divided into smaller areas that summarize the properties of a resource.

Zones

ManageIQ Infrastructure can be organized into zones to configure failover and to isolate traffic. Zones can be created based on your environment. Zones can be based on geographic location, network location, or function. When first started, new servers are put into the default zone.